iftop-dump.c 11.8 KB
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/*
 * iftop.c:
 *
 */

#include "integers.h"

#if defined(HAVE_PCAP_H)
#   include <pcap.h>
#elif defined(HAVE_PCAP_PCAP_H)
#   include <pcap/pcap.h>
#else
#   error No pcap.h
#endif
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>

#include <pthread.h>
#include <curses.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>

#include "iftop.h"
#include "counter_hash.h"
#include "resolver.h"
#include "options.h"
#ifdef DLT_LINUX_SLL
#include "sll.h"
#endif /* DLT_LINUX_SLL */
#include "threadprof.h"
#include "ether.h"
#include "ip.h"
#include "tcp.h"
#include "token.h"
#include "llc.h"
#include "extract.h"
#include "ethertype.h"
#include "cfgfile.h"
#include "ppp.h"
#include "time.h"


/* ethernet address of interface. */
int have_hw_addr = 0;
unsigned char if_hw_addr[6];    

/* IP address of interface */
int have_ip_addr = 0;
struct in_addr if_ip_addr;

extern options_t options;

hash_type* counters;
time_t last_timestamp;
long last_day = 0;
pthread_mutex_t tick_mutex;

pcap_t* pd; /* pcap descriptor */
struct bpf_program pcap_filter;
pcap_handler packet_handler;

FILE*fout = NULL;



sig_atomic_t foad;

static void finish(int sig) {
    foad = sig;
}





/* Only need ethernet (plus optional 4 byte VLAN) and IP headers (48) + first 2 bytes of tcp/udp header */
#define CAPTURE_LENGTH 72

void init_counters() {
    counters = counter_hash_create();
    last_timestamp = time(NULL);
}

counter_type* counter_create() {
    counter_type* c;
    c = xcalloc(1, sizeof *c);
    return c;
}

void close_log_file(void) {
    if(fout) {
        fclose(fout);
    }
    fout = NULL;
}

void open_log_file(void) {
    char  filename[255];
    time_t t;
    t = time(NULL);
    strftime(filename, 255, "/var/bandwidth/bw-%Y%m%d",localtime(&t)); 
    fout = fopen(filename, "w+");
    if(fout == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr, "Could not open log file: %s", strerror(errno));
    }

}

void print_counter(struct in_addr * ip, counter_type * n) {
    if(!fout) {
        open_log_file();
    }
    fprintf(fout,"%d %s %lld %lld\n",time(NULL),inet_ntoa((struct in_addr)*ip),n->sent,n->recv);
}


void tick(int print) {
    time_t t;
    hash_node_type * hn = NULL;
    counter_type* n;
    struct tm* tt;
    long day;
   
    t = time(NULL);

    if(t - last_timestamp >= DUMP_RESOLUTION) {
	tt = localtime(&t);
	day = tt->tm_yday + tt->tm_year * 366;
	if(day != last_day) {
	    close_log_file();
	    open_log_file();
	}
    last_day = day;

        last_timestamp = t;
        while(hash_next_item(counters, &hn) == HASH_STATUS_OK) {
          n = (counter_type*)hn->rec;
	  print_counter((struct in_addr*)hn->key, n);
        }
    }

}

int in_filter_net(struct in_addr addr) {
    int ret;
    ret = ((addr.s_addr & options.netfiltermask.s_addr) == options.netfilternet.s_addr);
    return ret;
}

int ip_addr_match(struct in_addr addr) {
    return addr.s_addr == if_ip_addr.s_addr;
}


static void handle_ip_packet(struct ip* iptr, int hw_dir)
{
    int direction = 0; /* incoming */
    counter_type * counter;
    int len;
    struct in_addr local_addr;

    if(options.netfilter == 0) { 
        fprintf(stderr, "netfilter option must be specified for iftop-dump\n");
    }
    else {
        /* 
         * Net filter on, assign direction according to netmask 
         */ 
        if(in_filter_net(iptr->ip_src) && !in_filter_net(iptr->ip_dst)) {
            /* out of network */
            local_addr = iptr->ip_src;
            direction = 1;
        }
        else if(in_filter_net(iptr->ip_dst) && !in_filter_net(iptr->ip_src)) {
            /* into network */
            local_addr = iptr->ip_dst;
            direction = 0;
        }
        else {
            /* drop packet */
            return ;
        }
    }

    if(hash_find(counters, &local_addr, (void**)&counter) == HASH_STATUS_KEY_NOT_FOUND) {
        counter = counter_create();
        hash_insert(counters, &local_addr, counter);
        print_counter(&local_addr, counter);
        fflush(fout);
    }

    len = ntohs(iptr->ip_len);

    if(direction == 0) {
        /* incoming */
        counter->recv += len;
    }
    else {
        counter->sent += len; 
    }
    if(counter->recv > 2147483648ULL || counter->sent > 2147483648ULL) {
        print_counter(&local_addr, counter);
        counter->recv = counter->sent = 0;
        print_counter(&local_addr, counter);
        fflush(stdout);
    }

}

static void handle_raw_packet(unsigned char* args, const struct pcap_pkthdr* pkthdr, const unsigned char* packet)
{
    handle_ip_packet((struct ip*)packet, -1);
}

static void handle_llc_packet(const struct llc* llc, int dir) {

    struct ip* ip = (struct ip*)((void*)llc + sizeof(struct llc));

    /* Taken from tcpdump/print-llc.c */
    if(llc->ssap == LLCSAP_SNAP && llc->dsap == LLCSAP_SNAP
       && llc->llcui == LLC_UI) {
        u_int32_t orgcode;
        register u_short et;
        orgcode = EXTRACT_24BITS(&llc->llc_orgcode[0]);
        et = EXTRACT_16BITS(&llc->llc_ethertype[0]);
        switch(orgcode) {
          case OUI_ENCAP_ETHER:
          case OUI_CISCO_90:
            handle_ip_packet(ip, dir);
            break;
          case OUI_APPLETALK:
            if(et == ETHERTYPE_ATALK) {
              handle_ip_packet(ip, dir);
            }
            break;
          default:;
            /* Not a lot we can do */
        }
    }
}

static void handle_tokenring_packet(unsigned char* args, const struct pcap_pkthdr* pkthdr, const unsigned char* packet)
{
    struct token_header *trp;
    int dir = -1;
    trp = (struct token_header *)packet;

    if(IS_SOURCE_ROUTED(trp)) {
      packet += RIF_LENGTH(trp);
    }
    packet += TOKEN_HDRLEN;

    if(memcmp(trp->token_shost, if_hw_addr, 6) == 0 ) {
      /* packet leaving this i/f */
      dir = 1;
    } 
        else if(memcmp(trp->token_dhost, if_hw_addr, 6) == 0 || memcmp("\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF", trp->token_dhost, 6) == 0) {
      /* packet entering this i/f */
      dir = 0;
    }

    /* Only know how to deal with LLC encapsulated packets */
    if(FRAME_TYPE(trp) == TOKEN_FC_LLC) {
      handle_llc_packet((struct llc*)packet, dir);
    }
}

static void handle_ppp_packet(unsigned char* args, const struct pcap_pkthdr* pkthdr, const unsigned char* packet)
{
	register u_int length = pkthdr->len;
	register u_int caplen = pkthdr->caplen;
	u_int proto;

	if (caplen < 2) 
        return;

	if(packet[0] == PPP_ADDRESS) {
		if (caplen < 4) 
            return;

		packet += 2;
		length -= 2;

		proto = EXTRACT_16BITS(packet);
		packet += 2;
		length -= 2;

        if(proto == PPP_IP || proto == ETHERTYPE_IP) {
            handle_ip_packet((struct ip*)packet, -1);
        }
    }
}

#ifdef DLT_LINUX_SLL
static void handle_cooked_packet(unsigned char *args, const struct pcap_pkthdr * thdr, const unsigned char * packet)
{
    struct sll_header *sptr;
    int dir = -1;
    sptr = (struct sll_header *) packet;

    switch (ntohs(sptr->sll_pkttype))
    {
    case LINUX_SLL_HOST:
        /*entering this interface*/
	dir = 0;
	break;
    case LINUX_SLL_OUTGOING:
	/*leaving this interface */
	dir=1;
	break;
    }
    handle_ip_packet((struct ip*)(packet+SLL_HDR_LEN), dir);
}
#endif /* DLT_LINUX_SLL */

static void handle_eth_packet(unsigned char* args, const struct pcap_pkthdr* pkthdr, const unsigned char* packet)
{
    struct ether_header *eptr;
    int ether_type;
    const unsigned char *payload;
    eptr = (struct ether_header*)packet;
    ether_type = ntohs(eptr->ether_type);
    payload = packet + sizeof(struct ether_header);

    tick(0);

    if(ether_type == ETHERTYPE_8021Q) {
	struct vlan_8021q_header* vptr;
	vptr = (struct vlan_8021q_header*)payload;
	ether_type = ntohs(vptr->ether_type);
        payload += sizeof(struct vlan_8021q_header);
    }

    if(ether_type == ETHERTYPE_IP) {
        struct ip* iptr;
        int dir = -1;
        
        /*
         * Is a direction implied by the MAC addresses?
         */
        if(have_hw_addr && memcmp(eptr->ether_shost, if_hw_addr, 6) == 0 ) {
            /* packet leaving this i/f */
            dir = 1;
        }
        else if(have_hw_addr && memcmp(eptr->ether_dhost, if_hw_addr, 6) == 0 ) {
	    /* packet entering this i/f */
	    dir = 0;
	}
	else if (memcmp("\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF", eptr->ether_dhost, 6) == 0) {
	  /* broadcast packet, count as incoming */
            dir = 0;
        }

        iptr = (struct ip*)(payload); /* alignment? */
        handle_ip_packet(iptr, dir);
    }
}


/* set_filter_code:
 * Install some filter code. Returns NULL on success or an error message on
 * failure. */
char *set_filter_code(const char *filter) {
    char *x;
    if (filter) {
        x = xmalloc(strlen(filter) + sizeof "() and ip");
        sprintf(x, "(%s) and ip", filter);
    } else
        x = xstrdup("ip");
    if (pcap_compile(pd, &pcap_filter, x, 1, 0) == -1) {
        xfree(x);
        return pcap_geterr(pd);
    }
    xfree(x);
    if (pcap_setfilter(pd, &pcap_filter) == -1)
        return pcap_geterr(pd);
    else
        return NULL;
}



/*
 * packet_init:
 *
 * performs pcap initialisation, called before ui is initialised
 */
void packet_init() {
    char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE];
    char *m;
    int s;
    int i;
    int dlt;
    int result;

#ifdef HAVE_DLPI
    result = get_addrs_dlpi(options.interface, if_hw_addr, &if_ip_addr);
#else
    result = get_addrs_ioctl(options.interface, if_hw_addr, &if_ip_addr);
#endif

    if (result < 0) {
      exit(1);
    }

    have_hw_addr = result & 1;
    have_ip_addr = result & 2;
    
    if(have_ip_addr) {
      fprintf(stderr, "IP address is: %s\n", inet_ntoa(if_ip_addr));
    }

    if(have_hw_addr) {
      fprintf(stderr, "MAC address is:");
      for (i = 0; i < 6; ++i)
	fprintf(stderr, "%c%02x", i ? ':' : ' ', (unsigned int)if_hw_addr[i]);
      fprintf(stderr, "\n");
    }
    
    //    exit(0);
    /* resolver_initialise(); */

    pd = pcap_open_live(options.interface, CAPTURE_LENGTH, options.promiscuous, 1000, errbuf);
    // DEBUG: pd = pcap_open_offline("tcpdump.out", errbuf);
    if(pd == NULL) { 
        fprintf(stderr, "pcap_open_live(%s): %s\n", options.interface, errbuf); 
        exit(1);
    }
    dlt = pcap_datalink(pd);
    if(dlt == DLT_EN10MB) {
        packet_handler = handle_eth_packet;
    }
    else if(dlt == DLT_RAW || dlt == DLT_NULL) {
        packet_handler = handle_raw_packet;
    } 
    else if(dlt == DLT_IEEE802) {
        packet_handler = handle_tokenring_packet;
    }
    else if(dlt == DLT_PPP) {
        packet_handler = handle_ppp_packet;
    }
/* 
 * SLL support not available in older libpcaps
 */
#ifdef DLT_LINUX_SLL
    else if(dlt == DLT_LINUX_SLL) {
      packet_handler = handle_cooked_packet;
    }
#endif
    else {
        fprintf(stderr, "Unsupported datalink type: %d\n"
                "Please email pdw@ex-parrot.com, quoting the datalink type and what you were\n"
                "trying to do at the time\n.", dlt);
        exit(1);
    }

    if ((m = set_filter_code(options.filtercode))) {
        fprintf(stderr, "set_filter_code: %s\n", m);
        exit(1);
        return;
    }
}

/* packet_loop: */
void packet_loop() {
    pcap_loop(pd,-1,(pcap_handler)packet_handler,NULL);
}


/* main:
 * Entry point. See usage(). */
int main(int argc, char **argv) {
    pthread_t thread;
    struct sigaction sa = {};

    /* TODO: tidy this up */
    /* read command line options and config file */   
    config_init();
    options_set_defaults();
    options_read_args(argc, argv);
    /* If a config was explicitly specified, whinge if it can't be found */
    read_config(options.config_file, options.config_file_specified);
    options_make();
    
    /*
    sa.sa_handler = finish;
    sigaction(SIGINT, &sa, NULL);
    */

    pthread_mutex_init(&tick_mutex, NULL);

    packet_init();

    init_counters();

    packet_loop();
    
    return 0;
}